Speech and Language Developmental Milestones

Speech and Language Developmental Milestones Two-Year-Old

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What To Expect from Your Two-Year-Old

So much happens in the first two years of your child’s life. We know that all children grow and develop at different rates, but we also know there are some milestones that we expect most 2-year-olds to meet by the time they turn two. Please use the below five milestones to help navigate your child’s speech and language skills.

1. An increase in expressive vocabulary. At this age, your child is adding new words to his/her vocabulary all the time. At 2 years old, a toddler may produce around 200 words!! If your child is not there yet, he/she should have at least 50 words. We would also like to see a variety of words in his/her vocabulary. For example, nouns (e.g. ball, duck, car), actions (e.g. go, eat, walk), pronouns and basic concepts would comprise a well-rounded variety of words.

2. An ability to combine words. Some example phrases may be “more milk,” “no cookie,” “mama go” and “dada up.” In order for toddlers to combine words, they must have a solid number of words AND a variety of words. If the child has 100 nouns, for example, it’s going to be very difficult for him/her to combine words.

3. 50% Speech intelligibility. Two-year-olds are approximately 50% intelligible to unfamiliar listeners. This means that a person should understand at least half of what the child says. It’s very common for 2-year-olds to make speech sound errors (often called developmental errors). For example, a child may say “wuv” when meaning to say “love.”

4. Growth in receptive language. One sign of an increase in receptive language is a child’s ability to point to objects and pictures when named. For example, your child should be able to point to a few body parts or pictures in a picture book. They should also be able to follow directions. At 2 years old, we expect that the child can follow one-step directions consistently, as well as follow simple two-step related directions. For example, “Get your shoes and go to the door.”

5. Greater interest in socialization. At this age, children typically engage in parallel play, but they begin to show a greater interest in socializing with others. 2-year-olds enjoy participating in playgroups and classes. They may not know how to share or take turns, but they will imitate adults and older children so be sure to model these skills for them!

If your child has a smaller vocabulary or they are not able to follow directions consistently, it doesn’t necessarily mean that he/she needs help. It’s important to look at ALL of the above milestones to determine if your child is on the right track.

Research has shown that early detection of communication disorders plays a major role in shorter treatment plans and faster recovery! If you have questions about your 2-year-old’s speech and language development, please feel free to contact us. We are here to help!

COVID-19 Protocol

We hope you and your family are continuing to stay safe and healthy! We have outlined our protocols for in-person sessions during COVID-19. As you know, the health and safety of our clients and therapists remain our highest priority. As always, please reach out with any questions or concerns. Thank you for your cooperation and understanding as we work together through these unprecedented times.

Hand Washing:
Upon arrival at your home, your therapist will wash their hands with soap and water and/or use hand sanitizer. We ask that you and your child also wash your hands and/or use hand sanitizer upon your therapist’s arrival.
We are asking our therapists to wear masks upon entering your home and throughout your child’s session. That said, we understand that some children have adverse reactions to seeing adults in masks and will leave it up to you and your therapist to decide your comfort level while still taking safety precautions.
We ask that parents and caregivers also follow the guidelines and wear masks when sitting in on sessions. We will not enforce that policy, but we do kindly ask for compliance.
As for your child, we realize that masks may not be appropriate for every child so we will not enforce the rule that children over the age of 2 should wear a mask.  However, if your therapist insists that your child wear a mask, then that will be a requirement directly between the two of you. We respect our therapists’ individual comfort levels with safety precautions and ask that you respect them as well.


Protocol Acknowledgment and Health Certification:

Before your child’s first in-person session, we are asking clients to submit an acknowledgment of these protocols and a health certification, which you can find here. Thank you again for your cooperation and for helping all of us stay healthy!