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Elimination of Phonological Processes

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While a child’s speech and language is developing, he or she may demonstrate one or more phonological processes, which are patterns of sound errors that young children use to simplify adult speech as they are learning to talk. As children develop, they eventually stop using these processes and their speech begins to sound more and more like an adult, making them more understandable.

If children continue to use these processes beyond the age when most typically developing children have stopped using them, they may be exhibiting a phonological disorder, which may require speech therapy. Now, you may ask, “How do I know if what my child is saying is considered normal for his or her age?” Below is a chart containing the ages at which the most common phonological processes should be suppressed.